What types of injuries are most common in football?
As with all sports, football comes with the risk of injury. Football has a higher risk of injury compared to other sports, in part because it is a high-impact sport. In addition, players must frequently pivot and change direction, applying sudden bursts of speed.
Injuries occur during football games and practice due to the combination of high speeds and full contact. While overuse injuries can occur, traumatic injuries such as concussions are most common. The force applied to either bringing an opponent to the ground or resisting being brought to the ground makes football players prone to injury anywhere on their bodies, regardless of protective equipment.
Common injuries in football players include traumatic injuries (especially to the knee or ankle), concussions, overuse injuries, and heat injuries.
How can football injuries be prevented?
- Have a pre-season health and wellness evaluation
- Perform proper warm-up and cool-down routines
- Consistently incorporate strength training and stretching
- Hydrate adequately to maintain health and minimize cramps
- Stay active during summer break to prepare for return to sports in the fall
- Wear properly fitted protective equipment, such as a helmet, pads, and mouthguard
- Tackle with the head up and do not lead with the helmet
- Speak with a sports medicine professional or athletic trainer if you have any concerns about football injuries or football injury prevention strategies